There are a number of reasons a patient may require oral surgery. These include:
The most common reason for impacted teeth are from crowded wisdom teeth. Wisdom teeth, also known as third molars, are the last set of teeth to develop within the mouth. These teeth may emerge from a gum line that is too small to allow the teeth to fully grow and align properly within the mouth. The teeth can then become “impacted” between the jawbone and the gum tissue. This can result in pain, swelling, and possibly infection of the gum tissue surrounding the wisdom teeth along with permanent damage to nearby teeth, gums, and jaw. It is a common, recommended practice to have these wisdom teeth surgically removed.
Impacted Wisdom Teeth
Impacted wisdom teeth are not always the result of crowded wisdom teeth. Sometimes teeth become impacted and need to be removed due to cuspids and the bicuspids (cuspids are canine-type pointed teeth, and bicuspids are also known as premolars or teeth located between the canine teeth and molars). These can become impacted and misaligned, which can cause the same types of problems described with impacted wisdom teeth.
Tooth and Gum Disease
Oral surgery may be necessary in the case of tooth loss, not only to replace missing teeth with a dental implant, but to restore bone loss in the mouth with a special procedure known as dental grafting. In the case of gum disease, scaling and root “planing” is a procedure that rids plaque and calculus (hardened plaque or tartar) under the gum line.